The glenoid is part of the scapula, or shoulder blade. It is the cup of bone that is the “socket” portion of the shoulder ball-and-socket joint. These Glenoid fractures are not common, but they can occur when the shoulder is directly impacted or the shoulder joint is dislocated. Dr. Steven Struhl at Shoulders & Knees orthopedic clinic is a top orthopedic surgeon, offering glenoid fracture treatment at locations in NYC and Westchester.
Glenoid Rim Fracture
The outer rim of the glenoid socket is integral to keeping the glenohumeral joint in place. A direct impact or a dislocation injury can fracture the rim of the glenoid. When the glenoid rim is fractured, repair is necessary to prevent future dislocations or slipping of the humeral head out of the glenoid socket. This may require surgery to reposition or attach bone fragments to restore the complete socket.
Glenoid Fossa Fractures
The center of the glenoid, the cupped portion of bone, is less likely to fracture than the rim. However, direct trauma to the shoulder can crack the glenoid. A direct-hit sports injury, auto accident or severe fall on the shoulder can fracture the glenoid. If the anatomy of the bone is intact, immobilizing the joint and allowing the bone to heal may be the best treatment. If the bone is displaced, surgical repair may be required. Both surgical and non-surgical treatment should be followed by rehabilitation and physical therapy to restore strength and range of motion.
If you sustain a direct blow to the shoulder and experience intense pain, swelling, bruising, limited mobility and a grinding sensation when the shoulder is moved, you may have a broken or fractured glenoid. Contact us at Shoulders & Knees to schedule an exam and consultation with Dr. Struhl at our clinic in NYC or Westchester to discuss glenoid fracture treatment options.