Knee pain is a common issue; it affects people of all ages. Various factors, including injury, overuse and degenerative conditions can cause it. Below are five common causes of knee pain and some tips on managing it.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease affecting millions of people worldwide. It is caused by the breakdown of cartilage, which results in bone rubbing against bone, causing pain, stiffness and swelling. Osteoarthritis is more common in older adults but can also affect younger people with knee injuries.

Meniscus Tear

The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions between the femur and tibia bones in the knee. A meniscus tear can happen when the knee is twisted or turned suddenly, causing the meniscus to tear. Meniscus tear symptoms include pain, swelling and difficulty straightening the knee

Ligament Sprains

Ligaments are strong, flexible bands of tissue that connect bones. The knee has four major ligaments; when one or more is stretched or torn, it can cause pain and instability. The most common ligament injuries are ones to the medial collateral ligament and the anterior cruciate ligament.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a common condition affecting the front of the knee, where the kneecap (patella) meets the thighbone (femur). It is often caused by overuse, misalignment or muscle imbalances around the knee joint. Symptoms of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome include pain in the front of the knee, particularly when going up or down stairs or sitting for long periods.


Bursitis is when the bursae become inflamed. Bursae are tiny fluid-filled sacs that lubricate and cushion the joints. When the bursae become inflamed, it can cause swelling, pain and tenderness around the knee joint—repetitive or overuse motions, such as running or cycling, often cause bursitis.

Repair Your Knee Injury in NYC

If you have knee pain, it is crucial to seek medical advice from a knee specialist like Dr. Steven Struhl. At the Shoulders & Knees office of Steven Struhl, MD, in NYC, we offer a comprehensive range of services for knee pain, including diagnostics, non-surgical treatments and surgical interventions.

Dr. Steven Struhl can examine your knee to help you identify the underlying cause of your knee pain and provide the best treatment options to repair, rehabilitate and manage it. Contact us today to book a consultation and be one step closer to pain-free knees.