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Shoulder Pain

Pain in the shoulder suggests a shoulder injury and shoulder injuries are more common in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. The injuries are caused due to the over usage or repetitive motion of the arms. In addition to pain, shoulder injuries also cause stiffness, restricted movements, difficulty in performing routine activities, and popping sensation.

Anatomy of Shoulder
Fig: Anatomy of Shoulder

The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body making it the most susceptible to instability and injury. It is a ‘ball-and-socket’ joint. A ‘ball’ at the top of the upper arm bone (the humerus) fits neatly into a ‘socket’, called the glenoid, which is part of the shoulder blade (scapula). Three bones, the collarbone (clavicle), the shoulder blade (scapula), and the upper arm bone (humerus) come together to form the shoulder.

The soft tissues of shoulder joint include rotator cuff, biceps tendon, caraco clavicular ligament, and articular cartilage or the capsule.


  • Shoulder Instability
    It is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocations of the shoulder joint. A dislocation occurs when the end of the humerus (the ball portion) partially or completely dislocates from the glenoid (the socket portion) of the shoulder.

  • Shoulder Instability
    Shoulder impingement is also called as swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder, or rotator cuff tendinitis. It is the condition of inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint caused by motor vehicle accidents, trauma….

  • Shoulder Instability
    Frozen shoulder is the condition of painful shoulder limiting the movements because of pain and inflammation. It is also called as adhesive capsulitis and may progress to the state where an individual may feel very hard to move the shoulder.

  • Shoulder Instability
    The labrum is a “cuff” of cartilage that extends the size of the shoulder socket (glenoid) holding the arm (humerus) in place. It is not to be confused with the “rotator cuff,” which is a composite structure of muscles and tendons.

  • Shoulder Instability
    The “Rotator Cuff” is actually a group of distinct muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint and support it through a wide range of motion.


  • Shoulder Instability
    Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into the shoulder joint. The benefits of arthroscopy are smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring.

  • Shoulder Instability
    The surgery is usually done to relieve pain and when all non-operative treatments to relieve pain have failed.

  • Shoulder Instability
    The AC joint is the articulation between the medial end of the acromion and the distal (lateral) end of the clavicle. The AC joint is located above the glenohumeral joint (true shoulder joint).

  • Shoulder Instability
    Labrum repair is a surgical technique recommended for treating labrum tear. Labrum is a triangular, fibrous, rigid cartilage structure lining the ball-and-socket joint of the shoulder.

  • Shoulder Instability
    Rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling wider range of motion. Major injury to these tendons may result in tear of these tendons and the condition is called as rotator cuff tear.


  • Shoulder Reconstruction for Torn Labrum – Patient Story of Mr.Rob
  • Shoulder Arthroscopy Patient Testimonial (Vivian)
  • Patient Story of Bolivia
  • AC Joint Reconstruction Patient Experience (Michael)
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